Redistricting on the municipal level is the process by which electoral districts are redrawn resulting in new districts with different boundaries. The basic purpose is to equalize the population in each district, especially if population shifts have occurred.
The Voting Rights Act requires a city to periodically review its districts to ensure they are compliant with all constitutional requirements. Generally districts will meet constitutional requirements if they have no more than a 10 percent deviation among districts. Due to significant growth that has occurred this past decade, Little Elms districts have an estimated deviation of 34%, necessitating a redistricting process.
To ensure compliance with extensive and complex Department of Justice (DOJ) regulations among other state and federal guidelines, Little Elm outsourced the redistricting process to the Institute of Urban Studies of the School of Urban and Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Arlington.
Over several months in 2011, staff and elected officials reviewed the proposed districts. The public hearing for the new district plan was held on September 6th, 2011 at 7 pm in Town Hall, where the public was able to review and comment on the new district map. The new redistricting plan, which was approved by DOJ on December 15, 2011, will be used in local elections beginning 2012.
- Census 2000: 3,646
- Census 2010: 25,898
- Growth Rate: 610%
- 2010 Population: 25,898
- Single Member Districts: 4
- Ideal Size: 6,475
- Districts contain as equal population as possible
- Districts remain as geographically rational and even in their shape as possible
- Current council's residences not be taken into account
- Redistricting meet U.S. Department of Justice guidelines
It is important to note that districts 1, 6, and 7 are at-large districts and are elected by all citizens. Thus, they are not included in the redistricting process.
- District 2: 6,479
- District 3: 6,594
- District 4: 6,365
- District 5: 6,460
- Ideal Size: 6,475
- Deviation: 3.5%